On Dec.3, Professor Jianqing Gao, College of pharmaceutic science Zhejiang University (CPS-ZJU) published the newest research entitled A Facile Low-Dose Photosensitizer-Incorporated Dissolving Microneedles-Based Composite System for Eliciting Antitumor Immunity and the Abscopal Effect in ACS Nano.
Nanomedicine-based photodynamic therapy (PDT) for melanoma treatment has attracted great attention. However, the complex design of polymer nanoparticles and high doses of photosensitizers used in intravenous injections (for sufficient accumulation of drugs in tumor lesions) pose a huge challenge to the commercialization and further clinical application. Herein, we fabricated the carrier-free nanoassemblies of a chlorin e6 (L-Ce6 NAs)-integrated fast-dissolving microneedles patch (L-Ce6 MNs) enriching only about 3 μg of Ce6 in the needle tips via a facile fabrication method. The L-Ce6 MNs had sufficient mechanical strength to penetrate the skin and facilitated the transportation of L-Ce6 NAs to a depth of 200–500 μm under the skin, thereby achieving efficient and accurate drug delivery to tumor lesions. In a xenograft mouse melanoma model, the L-Ce6 MNs-based PDT with low dose of Ce6 (0.12 mg/kg) exerted efficient ablation of the primary lesions in situ through reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. More importantly, a significant abscopal effect was also elicited by activating immunogenic cell death (ICD) and releasing danger-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), which in turn promoted dendritic cells (DCs) maturation and the subsequent antigen presentation, thereby facilitating the T-cell-mediated immune response without synergetic immunotherapies. Collectively, our findings indicate the facile, controllable, and fast-dissolving microneedles patch with a low dose of photosensitizers presented great therapeutic potential for enhanced photoimmunotherapy.
This work was carried out by Ph.D. student Qiong Bian and Dr. Lingling Huang under the supervision of Professor Jianqing Gao.